Global depository receipt Wikipedia

GDRs are generally referred to as European Depositary Receipts, or EDRs, when European investors wish to trade locally the shares of companies located outside of Europe. It’s important to note that any ADR you choose should be sponsored by the underlying corporation. If it is not, the security is likely to be traded over the counter (OTC), which is considered riskier as there are fewer regulatory requirements. The U.S. currently accounts for about 60% of the world’s total stock market value, but that’s likely to decline in the years ahead as more investors look to emerging markets such as China and India.

  1. ADRs are categorized into sponsored and unsponsored, which are then grouped into one of three levels.
  2. This certificate represents no direct involvement, participation, or even permission from the foreign company.
  3. Hypothetically, an investor could choose to broaden their investing universe by choosing to consider ADRs.
  4. Depositary receipts were created to minimize the complications of investing in foreign securities.
  5. Depositary receipts only offered in a single foreign market will typically be titled by that market’s name, such as American depositary receipts, discussed below, and EDRs, LDRs, or IDRs.

Another potential downside to depositary receipts is their relatively low liquidity. There aren’t many buyers and sellers, and this can lead to delays in entering and exiting a position. They may also come with significant administrative fees in some cases.

GDR is denominated in any foreign currency but the underlying shares would be denominated in the local currency of the issuer. Investors can diversify their investment portfolio by gaining exposure to international securities, in addition to stocks offered by local companies. On the off chance that a investor wants, brokers can likewise sell GDRs for their benefit.

What Are Some Features of GDRs?

GDRs can be listed on multiple global stock exchanges, They also provide investors with the benefits and rights of the underlying shares, which could include voting rights and dividends. GDRs trade like shares and can be bought and sold throughout the day via a standard brokerage account. A global depositary receipt is a type of bank certificate that represents shares of stock in an international company.

How is a depositary receipt transaction accomplished?

A U.S. broker, through an international office or Russian brokerage house, would purchase the domestic shares of the company and deliver them to a Russian custodian bank of the depository bank. In this example, we will say the depository bank is the Bank of New York. The most common example of a depositary receipt is the American depositary receipt (ADR). Other examples include the global depositary receipt (GDR) and international depositary receipt (IDR). ADRs typically trade on a U.S. national stock exchange, such as the New York Stock Exchange, while GDRs are commonly listed on the London Stock Exchange.

A depositary receipt traded in Germany would represent a non-German company. A Global Depository Receipt (GDR) is a depositary receipt issued by a depository bank that purchases shares of foreign companies. Indian companies can get their shares listed on foreign exchanges through GDRs.

That’s why trading in depositary receipts (DRs) such as ADRs and GDRs has become popular in recent years. They are designed to make it easier for investors to buy foreign stocks. Indian companies who want to issue GDRs must get Ministry of Finance and FIPB clearance.

Portfolio Diversification

On the other hand, in the event that it is too low, investors might think the underlying securities look like less secure penny stocks. Dividends and gains earned on American depositary receipts are paid in U.S. dollars, net of expenses and foreign taxes. Investors still face economic risks because the country in which the foreign company is global depository receipts located could experience a recession, bank failures, or political upheaval. The value of depository receipt would fluctuate as a result, along with any heightened risks in the foreign county. Usually, the foreign company pays the costs of issuing an ADR and retains control over it, while the bank handles the transactions with investors.


The GDR is then issued by the depositary bank on a local stock exchange. The underlying shares remain on deposit with the depositary bank (or custodian bank in the international country). A U.S.-based company that wants its stock to be listed on the London and Hong Kong Stock Exchanges can accomplish this via a GDR. The U.S.-based company enters into a depositary receipt agreement with the respective foreign depositary banks. In turn, these banks package and issue shares to their respective stock exchanges.

It is advantageous to investors since shares are not allowed to leave the home country that they trade in. Like its name, it can be offered in several foreign countries globally. Depositary receipts only offered in a single foreign market will typically be titled by that market’s name, such as American depositary receipts, discussed below, and EDRs, LDRs, or IDRs. A foreign-listed company typically hires a financial advisor to help it navigate regulations when it wants to create a depositary receipt abroad. The company also generally uses a domestic bank to act as the custodian and a broker in the target country.

The depository bank is the intermediary that acts as the custodian of the shares issued by the Indian company. As an investor you will have heard of the trading of global depositary receipt shares from companies in emerging growth countries like China and India. Investing in GDRs is one way for investors to diversify their portfolios with exposure to international markets. A depositary receipt is a negotiable instrument issued by a bank to represent shares in a foreign public company, which allows investors to trade in the global markets.

What is a global depository receipt (GDR)?

The U.S.-based company enters into a depositary receipt agreement with the London depository bank. In turn, the London bank issues shares in Britain based on the regulatory compliance for both countries. American Depository Receipt (ADR) is a depository receipt which is issued by a US depository bank against a certain number of shares owned by a non-US based company.

The trading process involving GDRs is regulated by the exchange on which they trade. For example, in the U.S., global depositary receipts are quoted and trade in U.S. dollars. They’re subject to the trading and settlement process and regulations of the exchange where their transactions take place.

A marketplace where buyers and sellers come together to trade in stocks and shares ,… Although investors will be investing in a company that is in a foreign country, they can still enjoy the same corporate rights, such as being able to vote for the board of directors. Risks include currency fluctuations, geopolitical events, and regulatory changes in the foreign country where the company is based.

Depositary receipts provide investors with the benefits and rights of the underlying shares, which can include voting rights and dividends. They can open up markets that investors wouldn’t have access to otherwise. A depositary receipt was originally a physical certificate that allowed investors to hold shares in the equity of other countries. One of the most common types of DRs is the American depositary receipt (ADR), which has been offering companies, investors, and traders global investment opportunities since the 1920s. A global depositary receipt is very similar to an American depositary receipt (ADR) except that an ADR only lists shares of a foreign company in U.S. markets.